Education in Dominica is compulsory from ages 5 to 16. Because of this, the primary school enrollment rate was reported at 98.2% in 1998. However while enrollment rates indicate a level of commitment to education, they do not always reflect children's participation in school. Many of the country's youth are poor and work on family banana farms during the harvest season which affects their ability to attend school and focus on education. 

There is also a significant Caribbean Indigenous population in Dominica dwelling in areas similar to the USA's Native American reservations. The schools in these areas are reported to have fewer resources for both teachers and students.